Introduction to Gabions
Stone, concrete, vegetal, small, large, protective or fashionable, there are no limits these days to the gabion industry. If not right away in your neighborhood, at least some blocks down, you will encounter one property that is surrounded by gabions.
Did you know that the term comes from the Italian term “gabbione”, which means “the big cage”? It’s the best way to describe this fencing technique, which is currently trending. However, it is not a new architectural solution. Thousands of years ago, in the Ancient Egypt, they used something similar, a rudimentary type of gabions, to toughen the River Nile bench. Then, later on, during the Medival Age, gabions were the predominant system to fence military fortresses. They are a truly simple architectural idea: interwoven wires, that form cages (hence the name) which will contain all types of material. Usually the material at hand, or in the proximity of the construction site, for practicality. The current name that we use, comes from an Italian term. That’s because an Italian guy was the one that consacrated gabions in our modern history. In the 19th century, Luigi Maccaferri (from Officine Maccaferri) gave gabions their first industrial use. Since then, everybody has been using this extremely versatile solution. Even more so, the last few years made gabions super trendy, especially in home embellish and decoration area. This is no surprise at all, as worldwide we encounter an eco-friendly, natural preoccupation in almost all major fields.
The geniality of gabion technique speaks by itself. You might have even saw some utility gabion structures along river benches in your travels within the heart of nature. Or while getting close to military buildings. The gabion conquered numerous engineering projects, such as: retaining operations, corrosion prevention, dams, canals, water defenses, safety structures, isolation solutions, aesthetic structures and so much more.
Here are some of the benefits that make gabions do effective:
· High resistance under all atmospheric conditions, on a long term. At least 30 years.
· Increased flexibility with other structures that are unstable.
· Easy self-drainage, with no additional equipment required.
· Cost-efficient, when compared to other structures.
· Installation ease, in every specific location, as they do not require a foundation.
· Nature friendly, sometimes they even perfectly integrate with the environment, or provide the opportunity to cultivate vegetation on, on the vertical.
· Intimacy, wind protection, noise protection
· They ensure a passive ventilation, as they allow air flow through their core structure.
In order to produce these gabion wire structures, the industry developed a huge range of gabion machines, that are meant to professionally cover all the requirements. Practically you can choose the perfect machine if you know what type of gabion you need. And there are quite a few types: basket, wire mesh, mattress, decorative elements and others.
To choose the right hexagonal wire netting machine, first you need to decide upon the mesh width, sizes, the desired power and working speed for the machine, as well as several more.
In its new regained variety and consecration, gabions will always surprise us as an example of success of a simple idea in an industry of huge amount of complexity and requirements.